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Biology important points for NEET online education class 11 and 12

biology important points

Biology important points for NEET quick revision

Biology important points
Biology important points

🌳🐍 BIODIVERSITY🌲 biology important points for neet

Revision pointzzzz🌈🌈….

🐛🐛 Term biodiversity was popularised by Edward wilson

🐟🐟 There are about 20,000 species of ants, 3,00,000 species of beetles, 28,000 species of fishes & 20,000 species of orchids

🐝🐝 India has 50,000 genetically different strains of rice and 1000 varieties of mango

🐞🐞 Acc to IUCN (2004), No.of species discovered and described range about 1.5 million {Biology important points for NEET}

🐲🐲 Robert may estimate – total no.of species is around 7 million

🐉🐉 More than 70% of species discovered are animals

🐜🐜 More than 70% of animals are insects

🐌🐌 Plants constitute not more than 22% of total species

🐬🐬 Total no.of species of fungi is more than combined total of fishes, amphibians, reptiles and mammals

🐥🐥 India occupy 2.4% of total land surface but they contribute 8.1% of total biodiversity

🐦🐦 There are about 45,000 species of plants and twice as many animals are discovered in india

🐢🐢 Acc to robert estimate…only 22% of total no.of species have been discovered

🐏🐏 There are 1,00,000 plant species and more than 3,00,000 animals species are yet to be discovered in india

🐀🐀 Columbia has 1400 species of birds…newyork – 105 species of birds, Greenland – 56 species

🐦🐦 India has 1200 species of birds Amazonian rain forest in south


🌲🌲america has 1300 species of birds, 40000 species of plants, 427 amphibians, 427 mammals, 378 reptiles, more thab 1,25,000 invertebrates

🌱🌱 The colonisation of tropical pacific island by humans has led to the extinction of 2000 species of native birds

🌴🌴 Over 784 species have extincted in past 500 years ( 359 invertebrates, 338 vertebrates & 87 plants )

🌵🌵 In last 20 years, 27 species disappeared

🌴🌴 Around 15,500 species are facing threat of extinction

🌾🌾 32% amphibians, 31% gymnosperms, 23% mammals, & 12% birds are facing threat of extinction 🙏🙏

SUMMARY OF HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY biology important points for neet

Here is some biology important points for class 11 ans 12 for online education

2: Number of Muscles 639

3: Number of Kidneys 2

4: Number of Milk Teeth 20

5: Number of Ribs 24 (12 pair)

6: Number of Heart Chamber 4

7: Largest artery Aorta

8: Normal blood pressure

9: Ph of Blood 7.4

10: Number of vertebrae in the Spine 33

11: Number of vertebrae in the Neck 7

12: Number of Bones in Middle Ear 6

13: Number of Bones in Face 14

14: Number of Bones in Skull 22

15: Number of Bones in Chest 25

16: Number of Bones in Arms 6

17: Number of Muscles in Human Arm 72

18: Number of Pumps in Heart 2

19: Largest Organ Skin

20: Largest gland Liver

21: Biggest cell female Ovum

22: Smallest cell male Sperm

23: Smallest Bone Stape

24: First transplanted Organ Heart

25: Average length of Small Intestine 7m

26: Average length of Large Intestine 1.5m

27: Average weight of new Born baby 2.6kg

28: Pulse rate in One Minute 72 times

29: Normal body temperature 37 C° (98.4 F°)

30: Average Blood Volume 4 to 5 liters

31: Life Span of RBC 120 days

32: Life Span of WBC 13to 20 days

33: Pregnancy Period 280 days (40 week)

34: Number of Bones in Human Foot 33

35: Number of Bones in Each wrist 8

36: Number of Bones in Hand 27

37: Largest Endocrine gland Thyroid

38: Largest Lymphatic Organ Spleen

39: Largest part of Brain Cerebrum

40: Largest & Strongest Bone Femur

41: Smallest Muscle Stapedius (Middle Ear)

41: Number of Chromosome 46 (23 pair)

42: Number of Bones in new Born baby 306

43: Viscosity of Blood 4.5 to 5.5

44: Universal Donor Blood Group O

45: Universal Recipient Blood Group AB

46: Largest WBC Monocyte

47: Smallest WBC Lymphocyte lb

48: Increase RBC count called Polycethemia

49: Blood Bank in the Body is Spleen

50: Non Nucleated Blood cell is RBC

51: RBC produced in the Bone Marrow

52: River of Life is Called Blood

53: Normal Blood Cholesterol level 250mg/dl

54: Fluid part of Blood is Plasma

55: Normal Blood Sugar 100mg
group 🧠

Fair fall

Diseases Caused by Bacteria/Virus/Protozoa. biology important points for neet online eduction

📕Diseases caused by Bacteria:

‌🍀Cholera – Vibrio choleraei

💈Anthrax– Bacillus anthracise

💈Diphtheria – Corynebacterium diphtheriae

📫Leprosy – Mycobacterium leprae

📮Botulism – Clostridium botulinum

📭Syphilis – Treponema pallidum

🍀Tetanus – Clostridium tetani

🌴Trachoma – Chlamydia trachomatis

🌴Tuberculosis – Mycobacterium tuberculosis

🍀Typhoid fever – Salmonella typhi.

🌱Whooping cough– Bordetella pertussis

📕Diseases caused by Virus::

📫AIDS – Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)

📮Influenza – Influenza virus

📭Mumps- Mumps Virus

🌴Polio – Polio Virus

🌱Chicken Pox – Varicella zoster virus

🍀Small Pox – It is caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.

🌴Measles- Measles Virus

🍀Dengue fever – Dengue Virus

📭Chikungunya – Chikungunya virus.

📫Rabies – Rabies virus

📕Diseases caused by Fungi::

📭Athlete’s foot – caused by the mold known as Epidermophyton floccosum

📕Diseases caused by Protozoa

📫Malaria – Plasmodium vivax

💊Amoebic dysentery – Entamoeba histolytica

FATHER’S WORLD biology important points for neet

Father of Biology : Aristotle

Father of Modern Biology: Linnaeus

Father of Antibiotics : Alexander Fleming

Father of Taxonomy : Carolus Linnaeus

Father of Immunology : Edward Jenner

Father of Microbiology : Anton van Leenuwenhoek

Father of Modern Microbiology : Louis Pasteur

Father of Medical Microbiology : Robert Koch

Father of Pathology : Rudolph Virchow

Father of Bacteriology : Robert Koch

Father of Virology : W.M.Stanley

Father of Embryology : Aristotle

Father of Modern Embryology : Ernst Von Baer

Father of Physiology : Stephan Hales

Father of Modern experimental physiology : Calude Bernard

Father of Genetics : Rev. Gregor Mendel

Father of Modern Genetics : Bateson

Father of Human Genetics/ Biochemical genetics : Arachibald Garrod

Father of Experimental Genetics : T.H. Morgan

Father of Haploid Genetics / Neurospora Genetics : Dodge

Father of Ecology : Theophrastus

Father of Cloning : Ian Willmut

Father of Plant anatomy : Grew

Father of Histology (Microscopic anatomy) : Malpighi

Father of Cytology : Robert Hooke

Father of modern Cytology : Swanson

Father of Paleontology : Leonard da Vinci

Father of modern Paleontology : Cuvier

Father of Concept of Evolution: Empedocle

Father of Botany: Theophrastus

Father of Modern Botany : Bauhin

Father of Zoology : Aristotle

Father of Biochemistry : Liebig

Father of Epidemiology : John Snow

Father of Plant Pathology : de Bary

Father of Modern Pathology : Rudolf Virchow

Father of Genetic Engineering : Paul Berg

Father of Gene therapy : Anderson

Father of Ethology : Konard Lorentz

Father of Endocrinology : Thomas Addison

Father of Eugenics : Galton {Biology important points for NEET}

Father of Gerantology : Korenchevsk

Father of Palynology : Erdtman

Father of Stress physiology : Hans Selye

Father of Electrocardiography : Einthoven

Father of DNA Fingerprinting : Alec Jeffery

Father of Mycology : Micheli

Father of Bryology : Hedwig

Father of Phycology: William Henry Harvey

Father of ATP cycle: Lipmann

Father of Chemotherapy : Paul Erlich

Father of Anatomy : Herophilus

Father of Modern Anatomy : Andreas Vesalius

Father of actinobiology / radiation biology : HJVS Muller

Father of Homeopathy : Hahnemann

Father of Ayurveda : Charka {Biology important points for NEET}

Father of Surgery and Plastic Surgery : Susruta

Father of Blood circulation : William Harvey

Father of Medicine : Hippocrates

Father of Blood Group : Landsteiner

Father of Polio Vaccine : Jonas Salk

Father of Green Revolution : Norman Borlaug

🕴Human body for clas 11 and 12 NEET online education

😵 Stress :- Gamma waves

🤐 Quiet :- ß waves

🙂 Normal :- Alfa waves

😐 Quiet :- Theta (θ) waves

😩 Sleep time :- ρ waves {Biology important points for NEET}

The Earth Summit : held in Rio De Janeiro in 1992; the recommendations came into effect on 29th December 1993; In India, it came into effect in May 1994.

The World Summit : it was held in 2002 in Johannesberg, South Africa.

Jim Corbett National Park : established in 1936.

First Biosphere Reserve was established in 1986 in Nilgiri.

Chipko Movement : Started in 1974.

Biodiversity Act : it was passed in India in 2002. this act of parliament received assent of the president of India on 5th February 2003.

In India , the Air ( Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act came into force in 1981, but was amended in 1987 to include noise as an air pollutant.

Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act : 1974

Montreal Protocol : It was signed at Montreal (Canada) in 16th September 1987 (effective in 1989).

Joint Forest Management (JFM) : Introduced in India in 1980s.

Helsinki Declaration : May, 1989

Kyoto Protocol : December 1997

Beijing Protocol : 1999 {Biology important points for NEET}

World Environment Day : June 5



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