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Mineral Nutrition Important Points

Mineral Nutrition important points: Mineral nutrition is study of minerals and their role in the human health. Minerals are the essential nutrients that are required in small amounts for the various functions of the body. Major minerals includes calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfur, potassium, sodium, and chloride, while the trace minerals includes iron, zinc, copper, manganese, iodine, selenium, and chromium. Minerals can be obtained from both the plants  and the animals sources in the diet.

Deficiencies of the certain minerals can lead to various health problems, such as anemia (iron), osteoporosis (calcium), goiter (iodine), and stunted growth (zinc). The excessive intake of some minerals can also be harmful to the body. Absorption of the minerals can be influenced by the various factors including age, gender, and presence of the other minerals or substances. A balanced and a varied diet, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, can help you to provide a sufficient amount of minerals.

However the individuals with certain health conditions, such as renal disease or gastrointestinal disorders, may have specific mineral requirements or limitations. Fortified foods, such as the cereals and bread, can be a source of additional minerals, while supplementation may be necessary under guidance of a healthcare professional.

NEET NCERT Biology Class 11 Chapter 11, 25 important points – Mineral Nutrition Important Points

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There are 25 important points on Mineral Nutrition

Mineral Nutrition Important Points
Mineral Nutrition Important Points

1. Minerals are the essential nutrients required in small amounts for performing various body functions.

2. Major minerals includes calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfur, potassium, sodium, and chloride.

3. The trace minerals includes iron, zinc, copper, manganese, iodine, selenium, and chromium.

4. The minerals can be obtained from both the plant and animal sources in the diet.

5.  The deficiency of certain minerals can lead to various health problems, such as anemia (iron), osteoporosis (calcium), goiter (iodine), and stunted growth (zinc).

6.  The excessive intake of some minerals can also be harmful, such as hypercalcemia (calcium) and hyperkalemia (potassium).

7.  The absorption of the minerals can be influenced by the various factors, including age, gender, and presence of other minerals or substances.

8. Calcium is the important mineral for bone and teeth health, nerve function, and the muscle contractions.

9. Phosphorus is the essential mineral for bone health, energy metabolism, and acid-base balance.

10. Magnesium is important for the muscle and nerve function, heart health, and bone health.

11. Iron is crucial for the blood health, as it is a component of the hemoglobin in red blood cells of the blood.

12. Zinc is important for the immune function, wound healing, and taste sensation.

13. Copper is essential for  formation of the red blood cells, connective tissues, and the nervous system.

14. Manganese is important for  the bone health, wound healing, and energy metabolism.

15. Iodine is crucial for production of the thyroid hormones, which regulates the metabolism.

16. Selenium is important for the immune function and protection against  the oxidative damage.

17. Chromium is involved in the glucose metabolism and insulin function.

18. Sodium and chloride are important for the fluid balance and blood pressure regulation.

19. Potassium is important for the muscle and nerve function, blood pressure regulation, and hydration.

20. Interactions between the minerals can occur, affecting their absorption and utilization.

21. Fortified foods, such as the cereals and bread, can be a source of additional minerals.


22. Minerals can also be obtained through the supplementation, but should be taken under guidance of a healthcare professional.

23. Individuals with the certain health conditions, such as renal disease or gastrointestinal disorders, may have specific mineral requirements or limitations.

24. Adequate intake of the minerals can vary based on age, gender, pregnancy, and lactation.

25. A balanced and varied diet, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, can provide a sufficient amount of minerals

Some Important Questions From Biology Class 11

Chapter NameQuiz Link
The Living WorldPlay Now
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Some Important Questions From Biology Class 12

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